Transportation KPIs

Here are the main KPIs for the Transportation They are part of the Transport Dashboard or Balanced Scorecard.

Please see the following table.

-> Recommended bibliography about transportation KPIs

Activity Subject Calculation
Cost Cost value evolution vs. Budget
Cost value as a % of COGS evolution vs. budget COGS Cost of Goods Sold = Beginning Merchandise Inventory + Net Purchases of Merchandise – Ending Merchandise
Transport cost / transported value (at cost) Can be detailed by internal and subcontracted transport, by transportation means…
Average cost for 1 order line, m3, ton, palet,… transported
Upstream transport cost Total transport cost
Internal transport cost ÷ total transport cost
External transport cost ÷ total transport cost
Value of trucks rent or amortization
Transport cost ÷ COGS
Downstream transport cost Total transport cost
Internal transport cost ÷ total transport cost
External transport cost ÷ total transport cost
Value of trucks rent or amortization
Transport cost ÷ COGS
Upstream transport Equipment (trucks) Number of trucks
Activity Number of km, number of hours in use, number of point of collect per day …
Value of goods transported (at cost)÷ COGS
Average number of stops per trip
Annual volume transported (tons, volumes…)
Capacity use rate Number of hours used ÷ number of hours available during the same period
Capacity used (m3)÷ capacity available (m3) during the same period
Km unloaded rate Number of km realized unloaded ÷ total number of km during the same period
Downstream transport Equipment (trucks) Number of trucks
Activity Number of km, number of hours in use, number of deliveries…. per day
Value of goods transported (at cost)÷ COGS
Average number of stops ÷ trip
Annual number of deliveries (or tons, volumes delivered…)
Capacity use rate Number of hours used ÷ number of hours available during the same period
Capacity used (m3)÷ capacity available (m3) during the same period
Km unloaded rate Number of km realized unloaded ÷ total number of km during the same period
Quality Transport discrepancies Total value of lost products (at cost) ÷ total value of goods transported (at cost) during the same period
Dispute Number of order lines in dispute ÷ Total number of order lines delivered during the same period
Goods amount delivered in dispute (at cost) ÷ Total goods amount delivered (at cost) during the same period
Service Deliveries on time rate Number of deliveries on time ÷ total number of deliveries during the same period
HR Productivity Number of customers orders dispatched per day per FTE
Waiting time per trip, per truck…
Payroll Value of truck drivers salary
Number of drivers
Average cost of a driver Payroll ÷ number of drivers


Recommended bibliography

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